Alcohol and driving combination that kills. Alcohol consumption leads the driver to a number of negative consequences while driving, such as difficulty in estimating distances, reduced ability to see, increased reaction time, drowsiness, etc. Below are the symptoms observed in the driver's behavior and which of the two sexes is most affected.
Various studies in EU countries have shown that the high alcohol content of the driver's blood significantly reduces his driving ability, resulting in the greater number of road accidents due to excessive alcohol consumption.
For this reason, permissible limits were established depending on the age and type of vehicle (bicycle, truck), etc. in addition to which driving is prohibited.
In Greece, the Road Traffic Code (COKE), in Article 42, states that for a driver the permissible alcohol limit with the method of blood sampling is 0,5 per thousand while with the method of exhalation it is at 0,25 millimeters per gram of exhaled air provided that the measurement is made. with specially certified alcohol meters.
It is noteworthy that there is a special procedure, which can be done within 7 days from the day of the measurement, in order to determine the suitability of the alcohol meter.
For drivers of public passenger cars, trucks weighing more than 3,5 tons, school and other categories of buses, ambulances, vehicles transporting dangerous goods, motorcycles and mopeds as well as for shorter periods of the newer drivers who have received a license At 2 years of age, the maximum permissible percentage of alcohol in the blood is set at 0,20 millimeters and in exhaled air at 0,10 millimeters per gram.
Alcohol and driving - What symptoms are observed in the driver's behavior
The effects and symptoms of alcohol on the human body vary depending on the amount of alcohol in the body.
What are the negative effects of alcohol on driving?
Alcohol consumption directly affects the brain, causing the driver a number of negative consequences while driving, such as:
However, the driver's reaction time is an important factor in both creating and avoiding a car accident. (cf. What is the correct safety distance between two vehicles with numbers?).
This time depends on the time of evaluation of a series of events while driving in a complex environment. (risk occurrence), the psychological and physical condition of the driver as well as the existing conditions of visibility especially during the night (cf. 5 Reasons why night driving is considered the weakest link).
We can say with certainty that a driver under the influence of alcohol, due to the reduced perception of space, needs much more time to react. (double in some cases and three times) compared to a sober driver.
For example, in 1 second it will be 2 seconds and maybe 3 seconds depending on the conditions it has to deal with.
Alcohol affects each person differently and depends on other factors such as:
• the weight
• the age
• the type of food
• food consumption time
• the psychological state
• physical condition
• the level of metabolism
Hint : The biggest enemy of a traffic accident is time.
Make your ally!
How is the percentage of alcohol in the blood calculated and what do we mean by alcoholism?
Alcoholism is the percentage of alcohol in the blood and is calculated based on 1000. With the word 'blood' we mean all the organic fluid that everyone has in their body.
For example, if after a proper blood test the alcohol content is 0,5 per 1000, this means that it corresponds to half a gram of alcohol per liter of organic fluid.
However, it is important to see how alcoholism is calculated in both men and women.
Alcohol and Driving Which of the two sexes is most affected?
An 80-pound man consumes one liter of beer, containing 5 degrees of alcohol. It has been estimated that a man's fluid represents 70% of his total weight.
As a result, it has 56 kilograms of organic fluid, which disperses 35 grams of alcohol.
The reason is 35:56, which means that per liter of organic liquid contains 0,6 grams of alcohol.
The man in our example has an alcohol content of 0,6 out of 1000.
The rate of influence of alcohol on women is higher, making them more at risk.
If a woman consumes the same amount of beer as the man in our example, the result will be different.
Women, compared to men, usually weigh less.
In addition, their organic fluid represents only 60% of their weight.
For example, even if a woman weighs 55 kilos, then the alcohol will be scattered in just 33 kilos of organic fluid. That is, its alcohol content is 35:33, so 1,06 per 1000.
This shows that with the same amount of alcohol the results in women are completely different and less favorable for them.
In simple words, alcohol "Burns" more women than men drivers.
Alcohol and driving
It is very important to establish that alcohol and driving do not go together!
If we want to have fun consuming alcohol, we just prepare a safe way to get back to our loved ones.