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The main causes of night traffic accidents are reduced visibility, drowsiness, alcohol consumption, excessive speed, fatigue, etc.
Night traffic accidents are the third leading cause of death worldwide and unfortunately Greece ranks first in Europe.
Specifically, statistical surveys in Greece showed that 30% of traffic accidents occur daily during night driving.
In fact, most of the time, these are deadly!
We mourn at least 5-6 dead every day.
What is the reason for the high death rate in night traffic accidents?
The most common causes of accidents are: drowsiness, alcohol, fatigue, speed and violation of priority.
But when darkness falls, the risk of a car accident increases rapidly.
Related research in America (cf. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration), which are also analyzed in the following link (cf. Most Dangerous Times To Drive - Forbes) report that an excessive 49% of fatal road accidents occur during the night.
As a result, the more sunlight is lost, the more likely it is that a car accident will occur.
Night traffic accidents have the highest number of serious injuries and fatalities in Greece.
One may wonder:
But aren't there far fewer vehicles circulating at night?
One in three night traffic accidents that occur while driving are fatal.
That is why their percentage seems to be of particular importance.
It is noteworthy that reduced visibility plays a key role in increasing risk.
Our visual world is relatively poor in low light conditions, the sensitivity of the eye to contrast is reduced, and color vision is distorted or absent.
This is mainly due to the fact that the lower the light level, the greater the chance that the speed of other vehicles will be underestimated, especially at roundabouts and at intersections where such decisions are vital.
It is obvious that adequate artificial lighting minimizes these effects during night driving as long as it is present.
Logical compliance with speed limits is considered imperative at night.
The danger is slowly becoming apparent and drivers' reactions are always much slower than in daylight.
However, the unsatisfactory horizontal and vertical marking of Greek roads, sometimes hidden, contributes to a significant percentage in the expansion of the problem.
Increased fatigue, combined with all of the above, increases the chances of getting involved in a car accident at night.
- Driving under the influence of alcohol (cf. 5 Truths about alcohol consumption that will make you think again before driving), violation of priority and increased speed are
three of the main causes of nocturnal traffic accidents worldwide.
- Sleepiness is often not only related to the fatigue that a human body feels but also to the quality of sleep that each of us does.
- The 'dirty' windshield (windscreen) can reduce visibility by up to 80%.
- The car's headlights reduce the beam of light by up to 50% if they are dusty or muddy or incorrectly adjusted.
- Necessary and basic condition for night driving under the rain (cf. Learn the 2 basic precautions before driving on wet roads) is to make the wipers work properly.
- The car's ventilation and air conditioning system, since it has been adjusted and is working properly, eliminates the glare of the glass surfaces. (windshield, windows, etc.).
Useful tips when driving at night
1) Always use the seat belt.
2) The speed limits of each road network are observed.
3) You are focused on the road.
4) Hold the windshield (windscreen) and your windows clean.
5) Observe the safety distances between the vehicles ahead.
You can use a practical method, which is not the case in all cases, to calculate the correct safety distance after first recognizing the position of the vehicle in front using the lights of your vehicle.
(cf.What is the correct safety distance between 2 vehicles in numbers).
Intersection lights will allow you to have visibility at a distance of 40-50 meters.
While the headlights illuminate in front of your vehicle at a distance of 100 meters.
Each driver's priority is to safely return to their loved ones.
And this destination does not separate day and night, light and darkness;