Research has shown that - especially in urban areas - it is now a daily occurrence "witnesses" traffic accidents in which "Gets carried away" a pedestrian from a car or a motorcycle.
In fact, the European Commission (https://ec.europa.eu/transport/road_safety) Recognizing the problem, he makes a special mention of pedestrian accidents and suggests ways to reduce them in every European country.
Unfortunately, pedestrians are the "easy victims" on the road, especially the elderly, as it has been proven that the largest percentage of pedestrians who fall victim to road accidents, belongs to the elderly, which is constantly increasing demographically in recent years in our country.
It is important, therefore, to know the causes of pedestrian accidents.
The main causes for them "Pedestrian drifts", especially the elderly
As we all know, the streets are full of pedestrians every day, especially the elderly, who are trying to cross the road. A simple daily move, however, can be fatal due to the morphology of Greek roads and the lack of driving education in Greece, which automatically increases the chances of a car accident.
Indicatively, the main causes that turn pedestrians into "Negative protagonists" is :
* Reduced sensations and reflexes of older pedestrians *
Vision, hearing and reflexes are the parameters that significantly influence critical decision-making on traffic issues.
After the age of 60, the senses and reflexes gradually decrease, making it increasingly difficult for a pedestrian of this age to see, hear, and perceive something that happens suddenly on the road.
The fact that he perceives a lot of data slowly also significantly increases his reaction time.
It is noteworthy that the person himself, ie the pedestrian over 60 years of age, usually considers that none of the above parameters (see vision, hearing, reflexes) it has not changed that any change is due to others and not to himself.
* Incorrect estimate of distances from pedestrians, especially the elderly *
Research by special institutes has shown that estimating distances from pedestrians aged 60 to 70 (or an average of 65 years) it is often wrong in contrast to younger pedestrians (eg 25 years old).
For example, a three-year-old pedestrian waiting to cross the road estimates that he manages to cross when a car is 30 meters away from him. But that's not the case, as research has shown that a 25-year-old pedestrian crosses the road safely when the vehicle is more than 50 meters away.
* Decreased speed of pedestrian traffic *
A very important problem is the time it takes for pedestrians to cross the road vertically with "Fast" at the traffic light.
Older people, even when they don't have a condition that makes it difficult for them to move, are definitely slower. For example, a 25-year-old pedestrian crosses a pedestrian crossing (always meant with Gregory lit) at a speed of 6,23 km / h (or 1,73 meters / second) about. In contrast, the speed of pedestrians over 65 is limited to 3,6 km / h (or 1,00 meters / second) about half that.
At the same time, the elderly usually have a disturbance in their balance problem which starts from the labyrinth of the ear.
For this reason, young people usually cross the road completely vertically, while the elderly often follow a sloping path, as a result of which they are exposed to the road for a longer time, thus increasing the possibility of being seduced by a passing vehicle. (see car or motorcycle) and fall victim to a serious car accident (Learn how to watch out of motorcycles on Greek roads).
Hint : The biggest enemy of a traffic accident is time.
Make your ally!
* Colors and reflective safety vest save lives… *
The issue of clothing and especially the color of clothes, although very important, is often unrecognized, especially in our country. Most of the pedestrians wear dark clothes, so they are not easily visible to drivers at night. (Find out why night driving is considered the 51st shade of gray).
That is why it is necessary for pedestrians to choose light-colored clothing, when they are going to be on the road and especially at night.
We should all try to teach older people not to hesitate to wear bright colors when they are going out on the street, especially after sunset.
In addition, it is equally important that we all have reflective tapes on our jackets and clothes, so that all of us as pedestrians can be easily seen at night by drivers. (Find out why in Finland they choose their clothes to shine at night as well).
* The important role of pedestrian traffic past *
The traffic past of elderly pedestrians plays a very important role in decision making.
We need to keep in mind that when a 65-year-old pedestrian was young, he was driving on the streets without a lot of cars, so he was more comfortable driving. At the same time, as a driver, he did not face major traffic problems.
In addition, we must not forget that a sufficient number of elderly people arrived in the big cities from the countryside, without being familiar with traffic. "chaos" of the city and without being aware of the dangers, which are time consuming.
So the lack of experience in heavy traffic makes older pedestrians more vulnerable.
* Some became "students - drivers" in their 40s *
Studies have shown that some drivers in our country have learned to drive at the age of 45 or 55.
Some of them may have been forced to start driving in order to carry out some family responsibilities, such as guarding or moving grandchildren.
So it is perfectly normal for people in this category to feel a relative uncertainty and insecurity while driving and that is why we should learn to be more tolerant towards them.
* Awareness of the problem and prevention measures to be taken by pedestrians and elderly drivers *
The main burden of understanding and realizing the problem falls on the pedestrians and elderly drivers themselves, but also on their families.
The first step is to realize that, no matter how annoying it may sound, their physical condition, their mental strength and their reflexes have already begun to decline. This, after all, is the natural evolution of things.
That's why they should have regular eye and eye examinations (they should always wear the right glasses) and regularly check their hearing.
Road safety is a matter for all of us, whether we are pedestrians or drivers. Therefore, in addition to the issues raised in this article, respect and tolerance for others remain key.
Do you travel on the streets every day?
Pay attention and priority to pedestrians…
Protect life in every way!