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The role of drugs in road accidents is particularly important because they can cause side effects such as fatigue, dizziness, drowsiness and even decreased ability to react. Below are the main categories of medicines that need attention and useful instructions for patients - drivers.
Taking drugs and then the 'bad' habit of being in the driver's seat is dangerous and prohibitive.
Various studies * prove and certify that the role of drugs in road accidents is very important, even for the seemingly 'innocent' drugs.
It should be understood that driving is representative of a range of activities that require alertness. Most medications cause side effects that reduce the driver's alertness, increasing the likelihood of a car accident.
What is the role of drugs in traffic accidents and what active substances affect driving ability?
There are several categories of drugs (more than 20%) which are proven to affect driving ability, resulting in traffic accidents and these are:
This class of drugs is taken to combat allergies, bronchial asthma, etc. and needs special attention for drivers because it reduces mental ability.
The main active ingredients are Rupatadine, Dimentindene and Cetirizine.
They cause drowsiness and inability to concentrate, among other things.
Their main active ingredients are Aprepitant, Cinnarizine and Dolasetron.
A percentage of them cause side effects such as dizziness, fainting, drowsiness and fatigue.
Their use increases the risk of hypotension.
Usually the dosage of these drugs increases during the winter, so you need to be more careful while driving. (cf. Find out now who uses tips when driving in winter).
The main active ingredients are Doxazosin, Barnidipine and Verapamil.
Anxiolytics, stimulants, antidepressants, neuroleptics, and anorexics are usually dangerous when driving a vehicle.
They affect driving ability and cause fatigue, repression or arousal, decreased ability to react, drowsiness and dizziness.
The main active ingredients are Clozapine, Paliperidone and Sertindole.
They greatly affect, as does the disease itself (epilepsy) driving ability.
In the event of a seizure, driving should be stopped until the treating physician recommends it.
The main active ingredients are Primidone, Tiagabine and Valproic Acid.
It is noteworthy that even if you have undergone minor surgery, it is advisable to avoid driving for at least 48 hours, depending on the type of anesthesia.
The main active ingredients of these drugs are Isoflurane, Propofol and Bupivacaine.
7. Muscle relaxants
The main side effects are drowsiness, dizziness and even a large drop in blood pressure.
The main active ingredients are Triazolam, Carisoprodol and Diazepam.
This condition makes it difficult to drive.
However, drugs to treat Parkinson's can cause photosensitivity and adjustment disorders, especially significant side effects if they occur while driving.
The main active ingredients are Levodopa, Amantadine and Selegiline.
It is well understood that these drugs are not allowed to be combined with driving.
However, some are suitable under certain conditions, as long as you first contact and inform your doctor.
Their active ingredients are Triazolam, Clomethiazole and Zaleplom.
Anticoagulants are usually given to people with an increased risk of thrombosis, so the chances of causing uncontrollable bleeding in the event of a car accident increase rapidly.
There is also an increased risk of heart attack or embolism from the underlying condition.
The main active ingredients are Bemiparin, Dalteparin and Heparin.
Ophthalmic drugs are divided into two categories: myotatic and mydriatic, the use of which explicitly prohibits driving.
Both types can cause side effects for the user such as dizziness, vomiting, sweating, insomnia, tachycardia and decreased visual acuity and vision in the dark, especially because the chance of getting involved in a car accident increases at night. (cf. 5 Reasons why night driving is considered the weakest link).
The main active ingredients are Ampicillin Sodium, Phenylephrine and Norfloxacin.
12. Anti-Acne drugs
Anti-acne medications can cause dry eyes and significantly reduce night vision, which in turn reduces your ability to drive.
The main active ingredients are Isotetrinoin, Clindamycin and Isotretinoin.
What factors determine the role of drugs in traffic accidents?
Factors that determine the effect of drugs that significantly affect driving ability are age, gender, physique, weight, any co-morbidities, dosage and concomitant use of other drugs.
Useful instructions for Patients - Guides
Avoid driving when taking medications that affect your ability to drive.
Always read the accompanying instructions for the medicines you are taking.
Pay attention to possible side effects.
Always follow the dosage recommended by your doctor.
Avoid taking drugs at the same time or combining them with alcohol.
Pay special attention to taking over-the-counter medications.
In case of any question, consult your doctor immediately.
No treatment is started without informing your doctor about the use of other medicines.
Therefore, the role of drugs in road accidents is very important and it would be good to avoid driving.